A SCALE DEVELOPMENT STUDY ON TEACHER’S SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS FOR THE COURSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS, CITIZENSHIP AND DEMOCRACY

Seval Selma PURCU- Şaban BERK

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale that will be used to determine the class teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs about Human Rights, Citizenship and Democracy course (İHYD). As a result of the literature review carried out within the scope of the study, 47 items were produced which are considered as the indicators of the self-efficacy beliefs of the class teachers about IHYD course; following the expert opinions, the number of items was reduced to 36 and finalized. Data were collected from 200 class teachers with the 36-item scale form. The KMO Test (0.962) and Barlett Test (p˂0.05) showed that sampling is adequate for exploratory factor analysis and the level of relationship of the items was sufficient. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis conducted to determine the construct validity, the scale was found to consist of a four-factor structure. Factor names are respectively as follows; “Planning and Preparation”, “Content and Process”, “Evaluation and Stakeholder Cooperation”, “Value-added”. It was determined that 73.793% of the variance was explained by four factors in the self-efficacy beliefs of the class teachers about the teaching of IHYD. In addition, it was determined that the internal consistency (reliability) of all the items in the scale, the items under each factor and among factors were sufficient. Moreover, the relationship between the factors and their relationship with the whole scale is good. With the confirmatory factor analysis, the four-factor structure was re-tested and the same results were obtained. As a result, it was decided that the scale has psychometric properties that could reveal the self-efficacy belief levels of class teachers for IHYD course.

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