ACCORDING TO NURETTİN TOPÇU, THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL AND TEACHERS IN MORAL AND CHARACTER EDUCATION

ABSTRACT

Nurettin Topçuwhogrewup in therepublicperiodandwhoserootswerebased on theOttomans is one of Turkishthinkers. Nurettin Topçu who has an intellectualpersonality is distinguishedamongtheTurkishthinkers. He is a moral philosopher, whoestablished a school of movement in TurkeybyhavingpublishedtheJournal of OpinionandMoevement (Original in Turkish: Fikir ve Sanatta Hareket Dergisi) in 1939. Inaddition, thisjournal has made a bigimpact in Turkey.Thisresearchwascarriedoutbyutilizingdocumentanalysisfromqualitativeresearchmethods. Inthisregard, the role of schoolandteacher in moral andcharactereducation is examined in thisresearchbyanalzing Nurettin Topçu’sarticlesandotherrelatedpapers on moral andcharactereducation in Hareket journalbetween 1939-1953 wereexamined. Accordingto Topçu, thespirit, which is thenurture of heartandemotions is themostneglectedactthesedays. Theheartsandsouls of childrenaredevastated on thegroundsthattheyare not suitableforinterestsortherealities of life. Thesociety is transformedintoconcretesoulsbysanctifyingthetechnique, theoreticalnegligencewiththelogic of themanwhodoesmuchwork, unfortunately. Thestates of generationsbegantobecomepatheticduetotheneglect of heartandsouleducationbymakingexcusesforthefacts of life. Nurettin Topçu’s moral andcharactereducationaimstoeducateeligiblenationalistandspiritualfigures in thatthey can developtheircountry. Education is similarto art. Processinghumanvalues​​requiresgreatskillandpatience. Therefore, theteachermust be a humanarchitectmost of all. On theotherhand, themostimportantmethod in moral education is to be a model. Iftheteachercannot be a good role-model tothechild, she/he cannot be successful in moral education.

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