AN EVALUTION OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE ARCHIVE RECORDS RELATED TO TWO ANCIENT CENTERS OF THE TURKS: BUKHARA AND SAMARKANT

Emin KIRKIL

ABSTRACT

Although the Ottoman Empire, which represented the zenith of the Turkish communities coming from Central Asia to Anatolia, pursued a Western tendency in terms of its military and political activities, it stil made contact with many different geographies and was interested in the developments occuring there.

In this context, the geography of Central Asia and Turkestan represents a distinct meaning for Anatolian Turkishness as the ancient ancestral home.  The political / military and commercial relations were always available with these geographies with which there was an intense cultural contact in the classical Ottoman era. Ottoman Empire was later perceived as a natural ally and even a protective power by the Turkestan Khanates in thef ace of the invasions of the Russian Tsardom and the threat posed by the Safavid State, which was founded in Iran before.

From the 16th century until the last period, the Ottoman Empire maintained its political and diplomatic relations with the khanates in Turkestan. Just the number of documents as a witness to these contacts pertaining to Bukhara and Samarkand exceeds one thousand. It is possible to observe the political, military, commercial and cultural developments in Turkestan geography in Ottoman archival documents and also to understand the extent of relations between the Ottoman Empire and Turkestan Turks. These are of huge significance in terms of revealing the historic ties with Turkestan and Turkey.

In our study, it is aimed to contribute to the understanding of the common historical and cultural ties of Turkish communities by evaluating these documents in the Ottoman Archives in terms of chronology and subject.

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