ANALYSIS OF “ETUDEN FUR VIOLA” METHOD BY HOFFMEISTER
Franz Anton Hoffmeister’s “Etuden Für Viola” is an authentic method written for viola. On that sense, its role in viola repertoire is of great importance. This is a descriptive study based on content analysis method focusing on the analysis of Hoffmeister’s “Etuden Für Viola”, which is a method frequently utilized in the institutions of musical education in Turkey offering viola education. The study is limited with the analysis of 12 medium and advanced level etudes available in the book, in terms of right and left hand techniques; as well as the technical analysis of the 1st etude which is the most comprehensive etude in the book. The techniques identified are tabulated under related titles. The focus is on this particular etude for involving all the positions and being the most comprehensive one; and it is analyzed in terms of tempo, tonality, measure, and the right and left hand techniques it includes. The analysis revealed that the most prominent right hand techniques available in the method are détaché (f=12, 100%) and legato (f=12, 100%); where position shifts between I-VII (f=12, 100%) and trill (f=12, 100%) are the most distinct techniques used in left hand. Analysis of the etude no.1 in terms of right hand techniques revealed that it enables the development of instrument alaspects; such as détaché, legato, staccato, crescendo and descrescendo, use of accent, and bowing on more than one string while playing doublestops and chords. When analyzed in terms of lefthand, it is found that the etude contributes to the improvement of all positions between I-VII, articulation, playing doublestops and chords, grupetto, trill, and gracenotes.