ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY STATES AND NUTRITIONAL HABITS OF STUDENTS BETWEEN THE AGES OF 7 AND 14

Erkan KONCA-Egemen ERMİŞ-Aydan ERMİŞ-Necati Alp ERİLLİ

ABSTRACT

The purpose of our study is to find out the nutritional habits and physical activity states of students between the ages of 7 and 14 attending primary and secondary education in the province of Sivas. A total of 662 students (320 females-342 males), 303 attending primary education and 359 attending secondary education, were given three different scales consisting of Nutritional Behavior Scale, Child Nutritional Self-efficacy Scale and Physical Activity Scale. The data obtained were analyzed with Spss 22 program by examining chi-square test and frequency distributions. According to the results of nutritional behavior scale, 64,2% of the students were found to consume healthy food, while 35,8% were found to consume unhealthy food. Students’ nutritional self-efficacy scale score was found as +14. This score shows that the students have high level of self-efficacy. According to these assessment results, the students can be said to have a healthy diet. 14.12% of the students were found to have an inactive (sedentary) lifestyle, while 38.93% were found to have a low level of active life, 36.26% were found to have a moderate level of active life, 8.4% were found to have an active life and 2.39% were found to have a very active life according to the results of physical activity questionnaire. As a result, it can be said that while students have good levels of self-efficacy and nutritional behaviors, they are active in low or moderate levels. It can be said that when studies and activities to be conducted to increase phsyical activity levels are merged with a healthy nutritional habit, health problems that can possibly occur in the future can be prevented. An early awareness of healthy aging will help other members of the family to be healthier and more active through appropriate interaction.