METAPHORS REGARDING SOCIAL WORK CONCEPT AND SPIRITUALITY

Hıdır APAK – Metin ERDEM

ABSTRACT

The main aim of this study is to put forward perceptions of social work students about “social work” via metaphor analysis, and this led to another aim that is to investigate in detail metaphors about spirituality used by students. The study was conducted of 192 students as 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades students in Social Work Department of Science and Art Faculty at Bingöl University in 2018-2019 academic years. The data of the study was collected by answering the question “To my mind, the social work profession is like/resembles to …, because…”.

The data of the research were arranged in the form of phenomenology which is a qualitative research design. The analysis of the data was done by content analysis technique. As a result of literature investigation, open ended sentence complete forms, which were generally seen in the academic studies, were used. Within this frame, to reveal the perceptions of the participant students’ about “social work” profession, sentence complete was used starting with “Social work is like ……, because……….” in order to reveal the perceptions of the “social work ” profession. According to the results of the study, 76 different metaphors were produced for the social work profession. Nine different themes were identified by considering the common features of these metaphors. These themes are spiritual, enlightening / guiding / informative, radical / political / ideological, life / nature, protective and preventive, helpful, epistemic, guiding and professional descriptions. In the context of this study the theme “spiritual” was examined in detail.