WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT IN TOURISM SECTOR IN TURKEY, ISSUES FACED, AND THE EFFECT OF GLASS CEILING SYNDROME ON WOMEN WORKFORCE IN TOURISM*

Hacer Neyir TEKELİ

ABSTRACT

After the Second World War, there has been a significant increase in the income of individuals worldwide. The increase in income has proportionally brought about more work, tiring working conditions and the fatigue of the working life. These factors along with ecological components, employees’ need for rest,   the spread of mass media, and the advancement of technology have been influential in the development of tourism. As a matter of fact, these developments have been growing and growing every year. The number of tourists has increased every year giving rise to increased international tourism revenues. Tourism movement on a world scale is in an ever increasing trend.  According to the data of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), 673 million people participated in the tourism movement in 2000, while the said participation increased to 1.046 million in 2010. According to the estimates of the same Organization, the number of people participating in the tourism movement on a global scale will increase to 1.602 million in 2020. In parallel with this mobility, it has been estimated that approximately 2 trillion dollars of international tourism income will be generated in 2020 (www.unwto.org, 23.03.2011). The growth of tourism and the increase in the number of investments in tourism point to a growing employment potential. The choice of seasonal employment in many destinations of tourism offers opportunities especially for two groups in terms of job opportunities; women and young people. The aim of this study was to focus on employment and especially female employment in the tourism sector, which is an ever growing trend, called smokeless industry in economies of countries, and which is the star of service sector. Problems in female employment and especially glass ceiling syndrome have been examined through literature review.

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